tv ABC World News With Diane Sawyer ABC April 20, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT
tail. >> i am dan ashleigh. we appreciate your time. see you at 6: tonight on "world news," pill-popping nation. the national drug czar says doctors are drowning americans in prescription painkillers. and guess what the number one prescription drug in america is tonight? not lipitor. it's that potent narcotic vicodin. don't mess with mom. today, airlines agreed to pay you for late arrivals, lost luggage. meet the mom who changed the country after her 57 hours from travel hell. a death in libya. the legendary man who taught the world to look at the reality of war falls in a mortar attack. and, made in america. there is something in 2 out of 3 kitchens in this country. do you have one? and did it put an american back to work?
good evening. today, america's drug czar asked the united states to face a fact. put simply, with the help of our doctors, we've become a country hooked on prescription pills. 80% of all the prescription painkillers taken in the world are taken by americans. and that's in the world. the toll, in 17 states and washington, d.c., more people now die of prescription drug overdose than car accidents. abc's jim avila spent the day asking, when did this happen to america and why? and what about the role of the doctors? and he's here now. good evening, jim. >> reporter: good evening, diane. over the last decade, the way doctors treat pain in america has changed. dramatically. prescribing 50% more narcotic painkillers. and now many are saying, this country needs to go cold turkey. a house of pain. >> i have severe lower back pain. >> reporter: patients at a pain
clinic on chicago's north side. >> muscle pain throughout my entire body. >> reporter: america is apparently in more pain than ever. in fact, we take 80% of all the prescription pain relievers in the world. the most popular drug in the country? a painkiller. vicodin. >> it is being overprescribed and prescribed for people who don't need it. >> reporter: who is prescribing all those painkillers? more than 600,000 doctors, from surgeons to podiatrists are licensed by the dea, but at the top of the list are primary care doctors, followed by internists and dentists. and critics say many often prescribe drugs like vicodin because they're not as tightly regulated as other narcotic pain relievers, so they're easier to give out. >> it's one of the most addictive drugs we know. >> reporter: in fact, accidental overdoses form prescription painkillers not only kill more people than car accidents in 17 states now, they are responsible for more deaths than crack in the 1980s and black tar heroin in the '70s. carolyn alferl suffered chronic
shoulder pain from playing violin. she was prescribed vicodin, and later a host of other pain relievers. eventually addicted to 75 pills a day. she lost her teeth, sold her violin and forged prescriptions. >> my life turned to hell. >> reporter: the national drug czar says the current culture of writing narcotic prescriptions for moderate pain, which began about a decade ago, needs to be changed and doctors retrained. >> there is very little time, if any, in medical schools and other places, to be devoted to understanding this. >> reporter: in fact, many pain specialists now believe that narcotic pain relievers should only be used by patients with imminently fatal diseases like cancer, not for arm pain, back pain or dental problems, where addiction isn't a concern. clearly, not the practice today in the united states, where we now use 99% of all the vicodin and its generics in the world. >> and that's a huge change in the last ten years, in this country, jim. so, what are you supposed to do then if you're in pain and you want to be one of those who
says, no, i don't want to go that route? >> reporter: doctors say for dental pain, broken arms, they say, suck it up and use aspirin, something like that. >> because these do have consequences and, again, you have to ask, what's happened to the country that this change is taking place so dramatically. thank you, jim. and we turn now to a big announcement. help on the way for millions of travelers, fed up with all those endless airport delays, the lost bags, getting bumped from flights. well, there was one mom who led the fight for change, after her own nightmare experience. and jim sciutto is at reagan national airport in washington. >> reporter: these are the images airlines sell. but as any passenger knows, the reality can be painfully different, as a 2009 youtube hit captured perfectly. ♪ united breaks guitars >> reporter: and no one knows better than kate hanni. in 2006, hanni and her two boys set out from san francisco for mobile, alabama, to visit family for the holidays. they were diverted to austin,
texas, where they sat on the tarmac for an agonizing 9 hours and 17 minutes. >> they had no water or food and the toilets overflowed. >> reporter: she and her fellow passengers had to pay for a night at a hotel. not even allowed to get their luggage. and the next day, she was bumped off her replacement flight, paying for a second night in a hotel herself. scheduled travel time, seven hours. actual time, 57. compensation from the airline? zero. so hanni decided to fight back. she started by googling other passengers with similar horror stories, soon founding the first passengers' rights organization, and taking her battle all the way to capitol hill. and she won. under the new rules that take effect in august, if you're bumped, just like the more than 65,000 passengers last year, you're entitled to a cash refund four times what you paid, up to $1,300, if the delay is more than two hours. a delay under two hours? you still get double what you paid, up to $650.
all in cash, not vouchers. if the airline loses your bag, like the more than 2 million stranded bags last year, it will have to refund those aggravating baggage fees. >> passengers like to be treated with fairness. they like to be treated with respect. >> reporter: those new rules would have made an enormous difference for nightmare trips like hanni's, netting her $4,000 in penalties paid by the airlines, which is, diane, not the reason we fly, but certainly takes some of the sting out of the all-too familiar travel troubles. >> and who says one person can't change a lot in this country? thank you, jim. and, by the way, quick action after that breaking news we brought you last night. first lady michelle obama's plane forced to make an aborted landing when an air traffic controller let it get too close to a giant military cargo jet. well, tonight, the faa says from now on, a supervisor will be required to monitor all flights carrying the first lady.
and now, we go to the ongoing crisis in libya. but we want to begin by showing you a man you may have seen at the oscars, being honored by his peers. a reminder that you never know when a moment of joy is a prelude to the last weeks of your life. his name is tim hetherington. he is renowned for his photographs from the battlefield. he made the oscar nominated documentary about war in afghanistan called "restrepo." he was a messenger to the outside world about the realities of war. and he would be the first to tell you he did it for the people whose names you do not know. those who are clinging to their lives tonight, in a town called misrata in libya. his last dispatch from the field, via twitter, was in misrata. indiscriminate sheing by gadhafi forces. no sign of nato. here's miguel marquez on the situation there right now. >> reporter: the fight in
misrata grows more intense by the day. for nearly two months, rebels, former shopkeepers and teachers, have held out against gadhafi's better trained, better equipped forces. every day, 20 to 50 people injured or killed. rebels complain loudly that nato isn't doing enough. where are the air strikes? why aren't they protecting civilians? misrata underscores the limits of air power. nato says gadhafi has purposefully wedged his heavy armor into civilian neighborhoods, striking it increasingly difficult. still, nato is ratcheting up the pressure. britain and france are sending military advisors to the rebel capitol of benghazi. gadhafi appears to be feeling the heat. despite aggressive attempts to contain the rebellion, gadhafi's problems have only grown. he's now fighting on three fronts. in the east, near ajdabiya, in
misrata near tripoli, and in the far west and in the mountains. today, libya's foreign minister opened the door to possible elections in six months, saying that gadhafi could even step down. >> everything will be on the table. >> reporter: rebels here won't even consider it. they say gadhafi must go first, then they'll talk about libya's future. diane? >> our thanks to miguel marquez, reporting from libya tonight. and back in this country, fires have broken out across texas, and tonight, they are massive wildfires. the worst the state has ever seen, ripping through hundreds of thousands of acres. new federal emergency teams arrived today to do battle on the ground and in the air. 70% of texas -- 70% -- facing severe fire risk after months of drought. and, today is the official anniversary of the bp oil spill in the gulf. as we told you last night. and so many of you had e-mailed us a single question. what has happened to the wildlife in the past year?
so, matt gutman spent the day in new orleans, touring the hardest-hit areas and looking for answers. >> reporter: a year later, you'd hope those blackened marshes would be green again. we motored back out to these marshes, the incubators of most of louisiana's fabled wildlife, and were shocked to find this. the water looks relatively clean on the surface. but you dig down, you grab a handful of something, and this is all oil. >> it's all oil. >> reporter: and get this. the cleaning crew had just left this place. and bp has declared this marsh clean. >> unacceptable. >> reporter: and we learned last year just how toxic this oil can be. it goes into shock and after a few days, it dies. and despite the $18 million bp has spent on claims and the cleanup, for these animals, it's a daily fight. bp and the government are saying that the animals are basically safe, we're out of the woods. is that the case? >> that's definitely not the case. >> reporter: not according to bp. >> what we can tell you, one
year on is that, our beaches are clean. that our waters are safe. that our seafood is safe. >> reporter: even the government scientist who famously announced that most of the oil had dispersed, now says it's, quote, premature to conclude that things are good. on the surface, the marsh looks healthy. but walk to the shore, and pretty soon, you'll find tar mats like this one. now, we're here because it's accessible. but officials tell us there are over 300 miles of shoreline badly oiled just like this. >> yes, there's birds that are undoubtedly still dying from the oil. >> reporter: so are dolphins and turtles washing up on the gulf coast at 15 times the normal rate. today, we accompanied biologists for whom this is a daily routine. >> this year we saw 15-fold increase in the number of deaths. >> reporter: diane, we took out this turtle here at the nature institute to show you two things. one, turtles like this can be rehabilitated. this one could go back into the wild as early as tomorrow. but the other thing is, it took ten months to get this animal back into shape. diane?
>> whoa. ten months. well, we wish him happy swimming. good swimming. thank you, matt. and still ahead on "world news," can you guess which item in this kitchen may have put an american back to work? made to order dogs. you can create one just for you. and, mothers and daughters. the little girls who watched princess diana walk down the aisle getting ready to get up with their daughters and watch kate. had athat said... o "miss stacy, this class is changing the way that i look at things." sparking that interest and showing them that math and science are exciting... it's why i teach. ♪ i know they can, even when they think they can't. challenge the need for such heavy measures with olay.
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our made in america team has been on the hunt for the all-star entrepreneurs who are keeping jobs right here on u.s. soil, even in the recession. and tonight, your clues led david muir to a company creating an item you may have in your kitchen, or you may want to have, after you see this. >> reporter: americans have long sought comfort in the kitchen. in trying times, seems hope grows along with whatever's rising in the oven. and for proof, one viewer wrote to us about an american factory, making the decision not to go to mexico. so, we made the decision to find the factory, in minneapolis, minnesota, where inside, they're seeing green, far beyond this conveyor belt. so, you are painting the pans here? >> yep. >> reporter: jeff brater's job? to give the all-american bundt pan the perfect coat of color. so the paint is on a timer so it only shoots out when the bundt pan is in front of it? >> yep. >> reporter: this father of two is also a former men stir, and
told us, she was praying for a job. now he paints 1,200 pans an hour. people are buying? >> yep, they are sure. >> reporter: in this tough economy, americans are staying home more, eating in. and because of that, here at the nordic ware factory, sales are up 30% from last year. they've been hiring for five years straight. 21 people in just the last six months. 65 million bundt pans sold in their 65 years, 2 out of every 3 american homes has one. the one that's in my mother's cabinet is from right here? >> probably. >> reporter: the bundt pan has become a sort of cultural marker in this country. remember "my big fat greek wedding?" the groom's parents about to meet the bride's family. >> what is it? >> it's a bundt. >> a bunt? >> bundt. >> bunk? >> bundt. >> reporter: and it turns out, you have to be careful about showing up with a bundt cake even here at the factory. you have a policy against bringing a bundt cake to a holiday party? >> well, that's sort of a family policy here.
we eat so many bundt cakes. >> reporter: don't be mistaken. they take cakes and pans very seriously. can't get a fingerprint on the pan? >> you can't put a fingerprint on the pan. >> reporter: the newest set about to be born. am i handling it right? all of this was a huge gamble. so, we're going to find your grandma. the two, just back from the war, started the company with just $500. hey, it's "world news." how you are? we found dottie. good to see you. at 85, she remembers those early years, the first ten years, there was no profit. in the early 1950s, while america might have been falling in love with lucy, it was dottie in the kitchen, too. >> this is my first test kitchen. >> reporter: you look as good today as you did then. >> well, a star. >> reporter: downstairs in the lab, their 3d computers molding the next bundt pan. as this reporter was about to cook his first. >> you don't want to overbeat a cake mix. >> reporter: and there was another family secret, too.
>> hit it on the floor a couple times. >> reporter: the floor? and 50 minutes later -- diane? it's for you. >> oh, you made me a cake. >> reporter: i did. it didn't make it back from minneapolis. but this is my mother's pan. i was convinced as a kid i remembered it. she shipped it to new york to show us on the set. i brought you a brand new one. this is the bundt just off the conveyor belt. >> i love the dents in this. i know she didn't want to send it to you because of them. don't we love them. they look like home. hi, pat. anyway, thank you, david. >> that one's for you. >> thank you. keep sending us your great ideas. that's, of course, on abcnews.com/worldnews. and coming up, what if your dog didn't shed but was still the dog you love? what if you could engineer a perfect pet? leather trim command center, almost 300 horsepower, infinity surround sound, seating for seven.
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so, what if you could take the dog you love, right now, sitting next to you, and improve on him or her, just a little bit for the next time? no shedding, for instance? well, "the wall street journal" had a new report today on the booming business of perfected pets. here's jeremy hubbard. >> reporter: hard to admit, but sometimes our dogs aren't perfect. the smells, the slobbers. if you could change just one little thing about your dog, what would it be? >> this dog, not shedding would be good. >> she can be stubborn at times. >> reporter: maybe creating the
perfect canine is possible. in the last 20 years, the american canine hybrid club has registered 671 new hybrid dog combinations. mix together an inquisitive yorkie with a non-shedding shih-tzu, you get a shorkie. combine a long-living dachshund with a polite maltese, and you've created a dachtese. these are real hybrid dogs. >> not only do you have the choice of the pure breeds, you now have the choice of 1,000 other mixes that you can tailor-make to your own particular preferences. >> reporter: some combos we've heard of, like golden doodles. mixing the pleasant disposition of a golden retriever with a nonshedding poodle. puggles? beagles mixed with pugs that don't always have the breathing problems pugs do. we even made up our own brilliant breed. what if you mixed an easy going great dane with a non-barking scottish deerhound -- you'd have a great scott! call them whatever you want. but when cross-breeds like this cost up to $700 each, there's just one thing their owners
don't want them referred to as. mutts. jeremy hubbard, abc news, new york. and coming up, some mothers have lessons for their daughters as they remember when they watched diana become a real life princess. or zero dependency on foreign oil. ♪ this is why we at nissan built a car inspired by zero. because zero is worth everything. the zero gas, 100% electric nissan leaf. innovation for the planet. innovation for all. you have frequent heartburn, right ? yeah, it flares up a few days a week. well, we're the two active ingredients in zegerid otc. i'm omeprazole, the leading prescription heartburn medicine. and i'm sodium bicarbonate. i protect him from stomach acid so he can get to work. look, guys, i've already tried a lot of stuff.
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and finally tonight, with just nine days before the royal wedding, it was meet the parents. queen elizabeth had prince william's future in-laws over for lunch. the first time the queen and kate middleton's parents have ever met. our team, of course, will be there for kate's walk down the aisle. but today, sharyn alfonsi has some little girls who got up early 30 years ago, to watch diana's wedding day. and have lessons for their daughters as they get ready to do it again. >> reporter: so many of us remember that morning. >> i woke up at 4:00 in the morning. >> crawled out of bed. >> and turned on the television. >> good morning, america. this is st. paul's cathedral. the wedding will be held here. >> reporter: july 29th, 1981. the shy teenager, lady diana spencer, marrying the heir to the english throne. all of england, the world, wanted to watch. >> i remember the night before, my mom said, you know,
tomorrow's going to be a big day. there's a princess getting married. of course, a 5-year-old girl, that's the greatest thing you've heard of. >> reporter: across the u.s., darkened early morning living rooms flickered with televisions. little girls enchanted by the fairy tale about to unfold. >> i laid on the floor on my stomach with my hands under my chin, as a child, just in awe, staring at the tv. >> reporter: a glass carriage, a princess and, oh, that dress. >> her dress was magnificent. >> had giant puffy sleeves. >> and the veil was gathered around. you could almost not see her. >> the 25-foot train being unfurled and it being wrinkled. >> reporter: so many of those images stayed with us there through the years. >> her wedding inspired me to be a really good photographer, where i just want to make my brides look and feel their best. >> part that i liked the most about the dress is, after the wedding and all the pictures
were taken, she sat down on the stairs and the wedding dress poofed all the way around her. at the end of our wedding pictures, i sat down, my dress was poofy just like that, and that's why, because i remembered those wonderful pictures. >> reporter: and now, we will gather again. >> hopefully my girls will get up and watch it, because that's something -- >> oh, yeah. we should try to watch it together. >> it could be a generational thing. >> reporter: the chance for a new generation to dream, to be front row at a fairy tale. sharyn alfonsi, abc news, new york. >> and we'll be there with you a week from friday. thanks for watching tonight. always on at abcnews.com and "nightline" is com >> president obama makes a friend request at facebook. how the visit was first for him and the web. >> and two of his fundraisers and one among the priceyest in presidential history. >> free ride in the walnut
creek. why a trolley service is under fire. and peek inside a historic building. a owner is trying to open up it for the community. >> this is abc 7 news at 6:00. >> if you put the same energy and imagination in facebook into the political process there is nothing we can't solve. >> president obama makes his case and hoping that voters will friend him in the next election. good evening, the president's bay area visit will include one of the most expensive fundraisers ever. >> this is video of the motorcade after marine one flew him to the fold. here's two abc fundraisers and protestors are getting. and we begin with david